Once you have completed the foundational analysis and decided to create a credential, it’s time to move forward with examination development. ProExam has deep expertise and experience in developing valid, reliable and defensible exams that are core to every credentialing program.
Our proven procedures include:
1Test Specifications. Using the results of the Practice Analysis as a guide, we work with subject-matter experts to develop a set of defensible test specifications in task and knowledge areas, creating a framework for an overall exam development plan.
2Item Development. We determine the number of items or test questions that need to be developed and banked annually to meet your testing objectives. Next, we train item writers and reviewers, and coordinate submission of draft items through ProExam Write. Then we conduct a final, formal review and validation of items, either face-to-face or virtually.
ProExam can provide editors to correct item grammar and syntax, fix problems with structure and logic, and ensure items conform to format and style preferences. Our editors also are expert in standards for answer choice structure, reading level, psychometric soundness and avoiding bias. We examine items to ensure test questions are fair, valid and appropriate, and free from cultural bias or unequal impact on non-native speakers of English.
3Construction Plan. Our exam construction plan includes recommendations on equating methodology, statistical criteria for selecting items to be included on an examination form, comparable structure and face validity among forms, the number of forms needed annually, size and number of pretest blocks annually, and item overlap across forms and administration cycles.
4Exam Assembly. We build draft examination forms and pretest blocks, using both the test specification and examination construction plan as reference. Our objective is to construct forms with a mix of items which maximize the reliability and validity of the exam as the basis for credentialing decisions. We review, revise and approve forms and blocks with you either face-to-face or virtually.
ProExam Bank is central to exam construction, enabling us to also analyze and track item and examination performance, and manage English and non-English language item banks.
ProExam experts can also coordinate closely with your translation service, helping manage form translation on your schedule and identify any translation-related differences in item and form performance.
5Standard Setting. ProExam applies industry-accepted standard setting methodologies to establish the cut – or passing – score for your credentialing exam.